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The island of Guam is approximately 30 miles in length, and is the peak of a submerged mountain rising 37,820 feet above the floor of the Mariana's Trench. The largest island in Micronesia, Guam is shaped like a footprint and was formed by the union of two volcanoes. Two-thirds of Guam is raised limestone with several volcanoes at Mount Santa Rosa and Mount Mataguak in the north and Mount Lamlam (1,334 feet) in the south.
Guam straddles the edge of the Asian Plate with the Pacific Plate thrusting below it. The Western shoreline faces the Philippine Sea while just a few miles away the Eastern beaches face the Pacific Ocean. Ancient perpendicular fault lines which collect water, now determine paths of existing tributaries. Guam is the westernmost of U.S. territories, lying west of the International Dateline and is 1 day ahead of the U.S. For many years after the World War II, the United States maintained a military installation on the island.
"Guam's Liberation, 50 Years" - presents some of Guam's past in four moving segments:
Pre-contact and Spanish history through 1898 - prewar 1930s under American administration
Invasion 1941 Japan
Occupation 1942-44 Japan
Liberated 1944 American Forces
1944 - US Territory
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